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The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) / World Health Organization (WHO), on 7 May 2015, issued an Epidemiological Alert recommending that Member States establish and maintain the capacity for Zika virus infection detection, clinical management and an effective public communication strategy to reduce the presence of the mosquito that transmits this disease, particularly in areas where the vector is present.

The PAHO/WHO on 1 December 2015 issued an Epidemiological Alert which reported that there were increases in congenital anomalies, Guillain-Barré syndrome, and other neurological and autoimmune syndromes in areas where Zika virus is circulating and their possible relation to the virus. Given this, PAHO/WHO additionally recommended that Member States establish and maintain the capacity to detect and confirm Zika virus cases, prepare health care facilities for the possible increase in demand at all health care levels and specialized care for neurological
syndromes, and to strengthen ante-natal care.

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